UNNEST

The UNNEST function is used to unnest a list by one level. The function can be used as a regular scalar function, but only in the SELECT clause. UNNEST is a special function in the sense that it changes the cardinality of the result. The result of the UNNEST function is one tuple per entry in the list.

When UNNEST is combined with regular scalar expressions, those expressions are repeated for every entry in the list. When multiple lists are unnested in the same SELECT clause, the lists are unnested side-by-side. If one list is longer than the other, the shorter list will be padded with NULL values.

An empty list and a NULL list will both unnest to zero elements.

Examples

-- unnest a scalar list, generating 3 rows (1, 2, 3)
SELECT UNNEST([1, 2, 3]);
-- unnest a scalar list, generating 3 rows ((1, 10), (2, 11), (3, NULL))
SELECT UNNEST([1, 2, 3]), UNNEST([10, 11]);
-- unnest a scalar list, generating 3 rows ((1, 10), (2, 10), (3, 10))
SELECT UNNEST([1, 2, 3]), 10;
-- unnest a list column generated from a subquery
SELECT UNNEST(l) + 10 FROM (VALUES ([1, 2, 3]), ([4, 5])) tbl(l);
-- empty result
SELECT UNNEST([]);