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0.10 (stable)
inet Extension

The inet extension defines the INET data type for storing IPv4 and IPv6 Internet addresses. It supports the CIDR notation for subnet masks (e.g., 198.51.100.0/22, 2001:db8:3c4d::/48).

Installing and Loading

The inet extension will typically automatically load on first use, but to explicitly install and load the extension, run:

INSTALL inet;
LOAD inet;

Examples

SELECT '127.0.0.1'::INET AS ipv4, '2001:db8:3c4d::/48'::INET AS ipv6;
ipv4 ipv6
127.0.0.1 2001:db8:3c4d::/48
CREATE TABLE tbl (id INTEGER, ip INET);
INSERT INTO tbl VALUES
    (1, '192.168.0.0/16'),
    (2, '127.0.0.1'),
    (3, '8.8.8.8'),
    (4, 'fe80::/10'),
    (5, '2001:db8:3c4d:15::1a2f:1a2b');
SELECT * FROM tbl;
id ip
1 192.168.0.0/16
2 127.0.0.1
3 8.8.8.8
4 fe80::/10
5 2001:db8:3c4d:15::1a2f:1a2b

Operations on INET Values

INET values can be compared naturally, and IPv4 will sort before IPv6. Additionally, IP addresses can be modified by adding or subtracting integers.

CREATE TABLE tbl (cidr INET);
INSERT INTO tbl VALUES
    ('127.0.0.1'::INET + 10),
    ('fe80::10'::INET - 9),
    ('127.0.0.1'),
    ('2001:db8:3c4d:15::1a2f:1a2b');
SELECT cidr FROM tbl ORDER BY cidr ASC;
cidr
127.0.0.1
127.0.0.11
2001:db8:3c4d:15::1a2f:1a2b
fe80::7

host Function

The host component of an INET value can be extracted using the HOST() function.

CREATE TABLE tbl (cidr INET);
INSERT INTO tbl VALUES
    ('192.168.0.0/16'),
    ('127.0.0.1'),
    ('2001:db8:3c4d:15::1a2f:1a2b/96');
SELECT cidr, host(cidr) FROM tbl;
cidr host(cidr)
192.168.0.0/16 192.168.0.0
127.0.0.1 127.0.0.1
2001:db8:3c4d:15::1a2f:1a2b/96 2001:db8:3c4d:15::1a2f:1a2b

GitHub

The inet extension is part of the main DuckDB repository.

About this page

Last modified: 2024-04-15