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v0.10.0 (stable)
Legacy Authentication Scheme for S3 API

Prior to version 0.10.0, DuckDB did not have a Secrets manager. Hence, the configuration of and authentication to S3 endpoints was handled via variables. This page documents the legacy authentication scheme for the S3 API.

The recommended way to configuration and authentication of S3 endpoints is to use secrets.

Legacy Authentication Scheme

To be able to read or write from S3, the correct region should be set:

SET s3_region = 'us-east-1';

Optionally, the endpoint can be configured in case a non-AWS object storage server is used:

SET s3_endpoint = '<domain>.<tld>:<port>';

If the endpoint is not SSL-enabled then run:

SET s3_use_ssl = false;

Switching between path-style and vhost-style URLs is possible using:

SET s3_url_style = 'path';

However, note that this may also require updating the endpoint. For example for AWS S3 it is required to change the endpoint to s3.<region>

After configuring the correct endpoint and region, public files can be read. To also read private files, authentication credentials can be added:

SET s3_access_key_id = '<AWS access key id>';
SET s3_secret_access_key = '<AWS secret access key>';

Alternatively, session tokens are also supported and can be used instead:

SET s3_session_token = '<AWS session token>';

The aws extension allows for loading AWS credentials.

Per-Request Configuration

Aside from the global S3 configuration described above, specific configuration values can be used on a per-request basis. This allows for use of multiple sets of credentials, regions, etc. These are used by including them on the S3 URI as query parameters. All the individual configuration values listed above can be set as query parameters. For instance:

FROM 's3://bucket/file.parquet?s3_access_key_id=accessKey&s3_secret_access_key=secretKey';

Multiple configurations per query are also allowed:

FROM 's3://bucket/file.parquet?s3_region=region&s3_session_token=session_token' T1
INNER JOIN 's3://bucket/file.csv?s3_access_key_id=accessKey&s3_secret_access_key=secretKey' T2;


Some additional configuration options exist for the S3 upload, though the default values should suffice for most use cases.

Additionally, most of the configuration options can be set via environment variables:

DuckDB setting Environment variable Note
s3_region AWS_REGION Takes priority over AWS_DEFAULT_REGION
s3_access_key_id AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID  
s3_secret_access_key AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY  
s3_session_token AWS_SESSION_TOKEN  
s3_endpoint DUCKDB_S3_ENDPOINT  
s3_use_ssl DUCKDB_S3_USE_SSL  
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Last modified: 2024-02-26