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1.0 (stable)
Writing Tests

Development and Testing

It is crucial that any new features that get added have correct tests that not only test the "happy path", but also test edge cases and incorrect usage of the feature. In this section, we describe how DuckDB tests are structured and how to make new tests for DuckDB.

The tests can be run by running the unittest program located in the test folder. For the default compilations this is located in either build/release/test/unittest (release) or build/debug/test/unittest (debug).

Philosophy

When testing DuckDB, we aim to route all the tests through SQL. We try to avoid testing components individually because that makes those components more difficult to change later on. As such, almost all of our tests can (and should) be expressed in pure SQL. There are certain exceptions to this, which we will discuss in Catch Tests. However, in most cases you should write your tests in plain SQL.

Frameworks

SQL tests should be written using the sqllogictest framework.

C++ tests can be written using the Catch framework.

Client Connector Tests

DuckDB also has tests for various client connectors. These are generally written in the relevant client language, and can be found in tools/*/tests. They also double as documentation of what should be doable from a given client.

Functions for Generating Test Data

DuckDB has built-in functions for generating test data.

test_all_types Function

The test_all_types table function generates a table whose columns correspond to types (BOOL, TINYINT, etc.). The table has three rows encoding the minimum value, the maximum value, and the null value for each type.

FROM test_all_types();
┌─────────┬─────────┬──────────┬─────────────┬──────────────────────┬──────────────────────┬───┬──────────────────────┬──────────────────────┬──────────────────────┬──────────────────────┬──────────────────────┐
│  bool   │ tinyint │ smallint │     int     │        bigint        │       hugeint        │ … │        struct        │   struct_of_arrays   │   array_of_structs   │         map          │        union         │
│ boolean │  int8   │  int16   │    int32    │        int64         │        int128        │   │ struct(a integer, …  │ struct(a integer[]…  │ struct(a integer, …  │ map(varchar, varch…  │ union("name" varch…  │
├─────────┼─────────┼──────────┼─────────────┼──────────────────────┼──────────────────────┼───┼──────────────────────┼──────────────────────┼──────────────────────┼──────────────────────┼──────────────────────┤
│ false   │    -128 │   -32768 │ -2147483648 │ -9223372036854775808 │  -17014118346046923… │ … │ {'a': NULL, 'b': N…  │ {'a': NULL, 'b': N…  │ []                   │ {}                   │ Frank                │
│ true    │     127 │    32767 │  2147483647 │  9223372036854775807 │  170141183460469231… │ … │ {'a': 42, 'b': 🦆…   │ {'a': [42, 999, NU…  │ [{'a': NULL, 'b': …  │ {key1=🦆🦆🦆🦆🦆🦆…  │ 5                    │
│ NULL    │    NULL │     NULL │        NULL │                 NULL │                 NULL │ … │ NULL                 │ NULL                 │ NULL                 │ NULL                 │ NULL                 │
├─────────┴─────────┴──────────┴─────────────┴──────────────────────┴──────────────────────┴───┴──────────────────────┴──────────────────────┴──────────────────────┴──────────────────────┴──────────────────────┤
│ 3 rows                                                                                                                                                                                    44 columns (11 shown) │
└─────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┘

test_vector_types Function

The test_vector_types table function takes n arguments col1, …, coln and an optional BOOLEAN argument all_flat. The function generates a table with n columns test_vector, test_vector2, …, test_vectorn. In each row, each field contains values conforming to the type of their respective column.

FROM test_vector_types(NULL::BIGINT);
┌──────────────────────┐
│     test_vector      │
│        int64         │
├──────────────────────┤
│ -9223372036854775808 │
│  9223372036854775807 │
│                 NULL │
│         ...          │
└──────────────────────┘
FROM test_vector_types(NULL::ROW(i INTEGER, j VARCHAR, k DOUBLE), NULL::TIMESTAMP);
┌──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┬──────────────────────────────┐
│                             test_vector                              │         test_vector2         │
│                struct(i integer, j varchar, k double)                │          timestamp           │
├──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┼──────────────────────────────┤
│ {'i': -2147483648, 'j': 🦆🦆🦆🦆🦆🦆, 'k': -1.7976931348623157e+308}   │ 290309-12-22 (BC) 00:00:00   │
│ {'i': 2147483647, 'j': goo\0se, 'k': 1.7976931348623157e+308}        │ 294247-01-10 04:00:54.775806 │
│ {'i': NULL, 'j': NULL, 'k': NULL}                                    │ NULL                         │
│                                                  ...                                                │
└─────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┘

test_vector_types has an optional argument called all_flat of type BOOL. This only affects the internal representation of the vector.

FROM test_vector_types(NULL::ROW(i INTEGER, j VARCHAR, k DOUBLE), NULL::TIMESTAMP, all_flat = true);
-- the output is the same as above but with a different internal representation
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Last modified: 2024-07-16