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1.0 (stable)

Building the R Package is Slow

By default, R compiles packages using a single thread. To parallelize the compilation, create or edit the ~/.R/Makevars file, and add a line like the following:


The above will parallelize the compilation using 8 threads. In a Linux system, in order to use all of the machine's threads, one can add the following instead:

MAKEFLAGS = -j$(nproc)

But note that, the more threads that are used, the higher the RAM consumption. If the system runs out of RAM while compiling, then the R session will crash.

Building the R Package on Linux AArch64

Building the R package on Linux running on an ARM64 architecture (AArch64) may result in the following error message:

/usr/bin/ld: /usr/include/c++/10/bits/basic_string.tcc:206:
warning: too many GOT entries for -fpic, please recompile with -fPIC

To work around this, create or edit the ~/.R/Makevars file. This example also contains the flag to parallelize the build:

MAKEFLAGS = -j$(nproc)

When making this change, also consider making the build parallel.

Building the httpfs Extension and Python Package on macOS

Problem: The build fails on macOS when both the httpfs extension and the Python package are included:

ld: library not found for -lcrypto
clang: error: linker command failed with exit code 1 (use -v to see invocation)
error: command '/usr/bin/clang++' failed with exit code 1
ninja: build stopped: subcommand failed.
make: *** [release] Error 1

Solution: In general, we recommended using the nightly builds, available under GitHub main on the installation page. If you would like to build DuckDB from source, avoid using the BUILD_PYTHON=1 flag unless you are actively developing the Python library. Instead, first build the httpfs extension (if required), then build and install the Python package separately using pip:

GEN=ninja BUILD_HTTPFS=1 make

If the next line complains about pybind11 being missing, or --use-pep517 not being supported, make sure you're using a modern version of pip and setuptools. python3-pip on your OS may not be modern, so you may need to run python3 -m pip install pip -U first.

python3 -m pip install tools/pythonpkg --use-pep517 --user

Building the httpfs Extension on Linux

Problem: When building the httpfs extension on Linux, the build may fail with the following error.

CMake Error at /usr/share/cmake-3.22/Modules/FindPackageHandleStandardArgs.cmake:230 (message):
  Could NOT find OpenSSL, try to set the path to OpenSSL root folder in the

Solution: Install the libssl-dev library.

sudo apt-get install -y libssl-dev

Then, build with:

GEN=ninja BUILD_HTTPFS=1 make
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Last modified: 2024-07-16